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Home :: India Destination :: Assam

Kamakhya Temple, AssamIt's not only the one-horned rhinos of Kaziranga that call for a visit to the northeastern Indian state of Assam. It's expansive tea plantations contribute almost 60% of the total tea produce of the country. Globally, the state finds itself responsible for 15.6% of the world's tea production. It's close location to countries like Bhutan and China has made it a potpourri of numerous races and cultures. The mighty Brahamputra River predominates the state. Assam also happens to be the easiest accessible destination in the northeastern India.

The hilly areas of Assam enjoy a sub-alpine climate whereas the plains have a tropical kind of climate. Mid-May heralds the arrival of summer, which shows a maximum temperature of 38 degrees centigrade. Winter, from October to February, has foggy nights and early mornings. During this period, temperature can drop down to a minimum of 6 degrees centigrade. Rains are frequent during June.

Important Cities & Towns
Guwahati, positioned on the banks of the Brahamputra River, is the capital of Assam. Tezpur has the eminence of being one of the most beautiful towns in the state. It lies on the northern banks of the Brahamputra River. The city of Digboi is known for its oil refinery which was the first to be established by the Assam Oil Company in Asia. Another important town known for oil refinery is Duliajan, at a distance of 15 km from Digboi. Other cities and towns that need to be mentioned include Dibrugarh, Jorhat, Tinsukia, Silchar, Nagaon, Lakhimpur, Nalbari, Mangaldoi, Barpeta etc.

People & Culture
Tea Bush Pluckers, AssamAssam has been a melting point of various ethnic groups and cultural entities. The Brahamputra Valley can prove to be a good example of this eclectic mix. Moving towards the south, in the Barak Valley, you will come to meet the Bengali-speaking communities along with the tribal folks who have equally contributed to making the culture of the state richer. The tea garden community happens to be an assimilation of people from states like Bihar, Orissa, Tamil Nadu and Kerala who migrated here during the British Rule. Therefore, it is now evident that the Assamese are a mix of various ethnic groups. Broadly speaking, the population of Assam can be classified as tribals and non-tribal people. Assamese, Hindi and English are the major languages spoken here.

Famous Travel Attractions
The World Heritage Sites of Manas National Park and Kaziranga National Park are the biggest draw for tourists here. Manas is famous for tigers while Kaziranga appears on a traveller's itinerary for its renowned one-horned Indian rhinos. Nature lovers can also choose to spend time at Halflong, a hill town with heart-stirring scenery. A major centre of Tantric Buddhism in India, the Kamakhya Temple is also a major attraction for visitors to Assam. Sibsagar and the Majuli Island are the other famous tourist attractions in Assam. Besides, Bohag Bihu, the most significant festival of the Assamese, proves to be window to the exotic Assamese culture.

Air/ Rail/ Road Links
The international airport of Assam is located at Guwahati. The airport at Guwahati has regular flights from cities like Delhi (2.5 hours) and Kolkata. The civil airports of the state are at places like Jorhat, Dibrugarh, Tezpur, North Lakhimpur and Silchar. The operating airlines at these airports include Air India, Indian Airlines, Sahara Airlines, Jet Airways and Air Deccan. The state has an excellent network of both rail and road routes.

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