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Home :: India Destination :: Bihar

Mahabodhi Temple, BodhgayaBihar lies in the eastern part of the Indian subcontinent. The antiquity of the state unfolds as soon as you start poring over the pages of Indian history. The region has the eminence of being the ancient seat of power for doughty rulers like Chandra Gupta Maurya, Bimbisara and Ashoka among others. Ancient universities such as Vikramshila and Nalanda invited students and travellers from across the world. Whether it's for the sake of history or Buddhist pilgrimage, Bihar is always abounding in old-world treasures.

Summers, extending from March to June, are hot with temperature touching a maximum of 45 degrees centigrade. May and June happen to be the hottest months of the year. November to February is the winter time in the state. The weather remains mildly cold during this period with temperature showing a minimum of 5 degrees. Bihar receives a good amount of rainfall from June till September. The ideal time to make a trip here is either October-November or Februay-March.

Important Cities & Towns
The state of Bihar has a number of cities and towns that can be termed significant, taking into account the various aspects they showcase or stand for. Patna (anciently Patliputra), the state capital, was the centre of the great Mauryan empire. The state has been divided into nine divisions including Patna Division, Tirhut Division, Saran Division, Darbhanga Division, Kosi Division, Purnia Division, Bhagalpur Division, Munger Division and Magadh Division. Important cities and towns of Bihar are Bodhgaya, Rajgir, Vaishali, Champaran, Sasaram, Purnia etc.

People & Culture
Nalanda, RajgirPeople of Bihar mostly depend on agriculture and trading to earn their livelihood. Around 80% of the total population of Bihar is formed by the Hindus, the other being Muslims, Sikhs, Jains etc. The Sikhs can be seen residing in the urban areas whereas Christians have mostly inhabited the southern areas of the state. The people of Bihar are fond of festivities and this definitely shows in the fairs and festivals that they celebrate. Particularly festivals like Holi, Dussehra, Deewali, Shivratri and Ramnavami are perfect examples of the exuberance and the amity that the folks of the state share.

Famous Travel Attractions
Making a trip to Bihar, one gets to visit the historical remnants of the world's earliest university which served as a great centre of learning during the 5th and 11th centuries. For a Buddhist pilgrim, Bihar can be the ultimate destination in the country, with numerous Buddhist antiquities strewn from one corner to the other. Destinations such as Rajgir, Nalanda, Bodhgaya, Patna and Vaishali are of utmost importance to those who are in search of a true spiritual experience. Besides, the state has attractions like the remains of the ancient Vikramshila University, Harminder Sahib, State Museum, Sher Shah's Mausoleum etc.

Air/ Rail/ Road Links
The state has a well-operated airport at Patna, the state capital. Indian Airlines and Sahara Airlines have regular flights from here connecting to major destinations like Delhi, Mumbai, Lucknow and Kolkata. The airport has connecting flights to Kathmandu (Nepal) as well. Bihar has a number of regular mail and express trains running to its cities from different parts of the country. National Highways 2, 23, 28, 30, 31 and 33 pass through the state, providing an excellent road-network.

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