The state of Madhya Pradesh occupies a central position in the Indian
subcontinent. Historically referred to as Malwa, the state was secured
enough in the past against foreign invasions due to its geographical
isolation. Notwithstanding the reason, it bears the marks of virtually all
the phases of Indian history. There are numerous monuments, temples, forts
and palaces that are strewn all across the state. Apart from its rich
cultural traditions, the state also boasts awe-inspiring mountain ranges,
rambling rivers and endless miles of forests.
The state experiences a typical tropical climate, with three distinct
seasons summer, rainy and winter. Summers happen to be hot and humid.
Temperature during this period shoots up to a maximum of 44 degrees
centigrade. During winters, temperature may drop down to a low of 10 degrees
centigrade. The average rainfall in the west measures 1,000 mm while in the
east it is 2,000 mm. A trip to Madhya Pradesh can be planned anytime between
November and February.
Important Cities & Towns
The state of Madhya Pradesh has been classified into eight divisions
consisting of 48 districts in all. The eight divisions of the state include
Bhopal Division, Gwalior Division, Chambal Division, Indore Division,
Jabalpur Division, Rewa Division, Sagar Division and Ujjain Division.
Khajuraho and Sanchi, declared as World Heritage Sites, are the most
significant cities of the state. Other important cities are Bhopal (state
capital), Gwalior, Indore, Mandu, Orchha, Pachmarhi, Shivpuri, Sonagiri and
People & Culture
The four agro-climatic zones of Madhya Pradesh have given rise to an
eclectic amalgamation of people and lifestyles. Around 40% of the state's
total population is tribal. Major tribes that inhabit the different parts of
the state include the Gonds, Bhils, Oraons etc. This is also to be noted
that these tribes have amazingly retained their ethnicity, inviting
travellers from all corners of the world. Hindus form a major part of the
total population, the minorities being the Muslims, Jains, Christians,
Buddhists and Sikhs. Hindi is the main official language whereas the
regional dialects are Bundelkhandi, Malwi and Chattisgarhi.
Famous Travel Attractions
of ancient architecture, the temples of Khajuraho are the biggest draw for
visitors to the state. The Buddhist monuments of Sanchi and the impressive
historical landmarks at places like Gwalior, Orchha and Mandu are simply
irresistible for travellers. Besides, the Kanha National Park and the
Bandhavgarh National Park have the distinction of being among the finest
tiger reserves of the country. The Pench Tiger Reserve is no less lure for
wildlife lovers. Other places that you must visit while in the state include
Ujjain, Chitrakoot, Burhanpur, Bhimbetka, Indore etc.
Air/ Rail/ Road Links
The state has a number of civil airports connecting to the key destinations
of India. Gwalior, Khajuraho, Indore, Jabalpur and Bhopal are the important
airports in Madhya Pradesh. A good network of state and national highways
serve the state. Bhopal, being an important railway station, has regular
super-fast and express trains linking the key destinations of the state and